How Can I Tell If I Have Gingivitis or Periodontitis (Gum Disease)?
It’s more common than suspected. 80% of people have periodontal disease and don’t know it. this is as it’s usually painless in the early stages. While tooth decay often causes discomfort, it is possible to have gum disease without noticeable symptoms. Regular dental check-ups and periodontal examinations will help detect if gum problems exist.
Gum or periodontal disease begins when plaque (a sticky, colorless, film of bacteria, food debris, and saliva) is left on the teeth and gums over time. Bacteria in this produce toxins (acids) that inflame the gums and slowly destroy the bone. Brushing and flossing regularly and properly removes the majority of plaque
There are several other factors that may increase the risk of developing periodontal disease:
- Smoking or chewing tobacco
- Bridges that no longer fit properly, crowded teeth, or defective fillings that may trap plaque and bacteria.
- Some medications have side affects that reduce saliva, making the mouth dry and plaque easier to adhere to the teeth and gums.
- Pregnancy, oral contraceptives, and puberty can cause changes in hormone levels, which can make gum tissue become more sensitive to bacteria toxins.
- Systemic diseases such as diabetes, blood cell disorders, HIV / AIDS, etc.
- Some patients may be hereditarily predisposed to a more aggressive type of periodontitis.
- Malocclusion – uneven contacts between the upper and lower teeth